Cactus

V1.0

🌵 Measure humidity in kitchen cupboards to keep food fresh 🍶

power LiPO
wireless WiFi
sensor Humidity
mcu ESP8266
ota? No
battery life 1 month
bom items 36
bom cost USD $26.92
vendors 5
status completed in May 2019

Power source

2000mAh LiPo battery

Battery life

1 month

Charging duration

12 hours
Remove the WeMos Battery shield from the board. Plug in the USB cable to the WeMos battery shield to charge. Red LED will be on while it is charging.Green LED will be on when charging is complete.

Power tree schematic

Edit power_tree_drawio.xml at draw.io.

Power Tree schematic

Main components

Chip # Chip Operating Voltage Active mode Modem-sleep mode Deep-sleep mode Total
ESP8266 WiFi based MCU 3.3V 170mA 15mA 10uA
Si7021 Temperature / Humidity sensor 1.9V - 3.6V 150uA 60nA
SN4HC595 Shift register 2V - 6V 60uA 1uA
Total consumption 170.23mA 15mA 11.06uA
Total duration 30s. 10s x 12 = 120s. 4h. 4h.
Total charge 30/14400 * 170.21m
= 0.354 mAs
120/14400 *15m
= 0.125mAs
14250/14400 * 11.06u
= 0.011mAs
0.589mAs

Calculation

3 power modes:

  1. Wakes up in Active mode for 30 seconds every 4 hours to read the sensor value and ping to cloud
  2. Wakes up in Mode-sleep mode for 10 seconds every 20 minutes to check whether the counter has reached the threshold
  3. Deep-sleep mode for the rest of the time, unless user button pressed

1200mAh battery will last for (1200/24/30) = 2.89 months

Measuring power

Mode Pins Voltage
Deep sleep 5V - GND on WeMos D1 mini 4.94V
Deep sleep Vin - GND on Si7021 breakout board 5V
Deep sleep Vcc - GND on 74HC595 chip 5V
Deep sleep EN - GND on 74HC595 chip

Actual vs. Calculated

Periodic wakeup Calculated Actual Error %
6 hours 2.89 months 30 days ~300% ⁉️